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HOLI 2020:DATE/HISTORY/TYPES OF CELEBRATION

INTRODUCTION

THIS YEAR HOLI 2020(HOLIKA DAHAN) IS ON 9 MARCH 2020, AND DHULANDI IS ON 10 MARCH 2020. This blog will tell you about the history and why people celebrate it and how people celebrate it in different states and what precautions we should take to keep ourselves protected.

Holi is considered as one of the most revered and celebrated festivals of India, and it is a festival in almost every part of the country. It is also sometimes called the “festival of love” as on this day people unite together, forgetting all resentments and all types of bad feelings towards each other. The great Indian festival lasts for a day and a night, which starts in the evening of Purnima or the Full Moon Day in the month of Falgun. It is known with the name Holika Dahan or Choti Holi on the first evening of the festival, and the following day is called Holi. In different parts of the country, it has different names.

WHY WE HOLI CELEBRATED / STORY OF HOLI

The story of Holi:- The celebration pertains to a woman named Holika. Holika is the sister of demon king Hirnakasyap. Hirnakasyap was a cruel and powerful king. He was a devil and hated for his cruelty. Hiranyakashyap contemplates himself to be God. The devil had five superpower

  1. He cannot be killed in the day or night.
  2. He cannot be killed by humans or animals.
  3. He cannot be killed either outdoor or indoor.
  4. He cannot be killed either on land, water, or air.
  5. He cannot kill handheld nor projectile weapons.

Prahalada obeyed Lord Vishnu and worshiped Lord Vishnu. Hirnakasyap tried many ideas to kill his son because he wanted his son to worship him, but he never listened to his father. Hirnakashyap tried a number of times to kill Prahalada, but lord Vishnu always saved Prahalada.

  Once Hirnakasyap decided that if Prahlada sits on the bonfire, he would be burnt. Hirnakasyap asked Holika(his sister) to help him. His sister Holika(evil lady), had a cloak(armor), which will help her to not get caught by fire. She sits on the bonfire with Prahalada, but Prahalada was saved in the bonfire by Lord Vishnu as he was his true devotee, and Holika was burnt irrespective of the fact that she had an armor because of her cruel intentions. So, for this reason, we celebrated Holika Dahan. Win of good over bad.

 HIRNAKASYAP DEATH? {MYSTERY}

Then Lord Vishnu took the form of half-human and half-lion.

He met Hirnakasyap at his doorstep, which was neither indoor nor outdoor. He pledged him on his lap and attacked Hirnakasyap with Lion claws and killed Hirnakasyap. We learned that a good person always wins over the evils. We should always be a good person. Evil’s intentions are never successful and can bounce back on us.

This is the reason why we celebrate this day with so much joy because a devil and cruel emperor were killed, and peace was brought in the world. 

The story inspires us to do good deeds. On the 9th of March, we celebrate Holika Dahan 2020 in which we burn pyre and celebrate the victory of good over evil and 10th of March we celebrate Holi 2020 with colors, water.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF HOLI CELEBRATION IN INDIA

How we celebrate in Uttar Pradesh?

Uttar Pradesh – Lathmar Holi

In Uttar Pradesh, every year, thousands of people gather to celebrate Lath(stick) Mar(beat), which is celebrated for nearly a month. You might wonder how Holi is celebrated in the birthplace of Lord Vishnu. Or how is Holi celebrated in Mathura and other states Women are equipped with lathis they hit men or boys during the celebration. Come prepared with a dhal or shield and largely celebrated in parts of Uttar Pradesh such as Nandgaon, Barsana, Vrindavan, and Mathura. Lathmar Holi is followed by an old tradition where it is believed that Lord Krishna went to Radha’s village to play to which the women of the village responded by hitting him with lathis and eventually chased him away.

How we celebrate in Maharashtra?

Maharashtra- Rang Panchami 2020

This year Rang Panchami is on 13th March 2020. The word ‘Rang’ signifies ‘color’ while ‘Panchami’ refers to the 5th day, and hence in some places across the country, Holi is also played on Ranga Panchami.        

Locals of Maharashtra also know the Holi festival as Shimga or Shingo. On the ‘Panchami,’ i.e., the fifth day of the Krishna Paksha, the waning phase of the moon during the Hindu month of ‘Phalgun.’ The main purpose of celebrating Rang Panchami Festival is to activate the ‘Panch Tatva’ पञ्चभूत or the five elements that build up the universe. These five elements are earth, light, water, sky, and wind. The human body is also made of the five elements. The festival of Rang Panchami invokes these five basic elements, which help to restore balance in life.

How we celebrate in Uttarakhand?

Uttarakhand–  Kumoaoni Holi

Kumaoni Holi witnesses unique ways of celebration, which are

different from the celebrations in the other parts of our country. Kumaoni

Holi has three varied forms of celebration, namely the Baithki, the Khari

Holi, and the Mahila Holi.

Baithki Holi begins during Basant Panchami and is till Dulandi. Baithki Holi celebration starts a little earlier than that of the

Khadi Holi. People dance on the heartwarming classical music in groups, and they

sing along with the Holidays(professional singers for Holi). Baithki Holi is

also known as Nirvana Ki Holi or Holi of Salvation.

Khadi Holi is a feast, mostly in rural parts of the state. In this form of Holi, people dance and sing songs based on the theme. It is similar to Baithki Holi which also includes celebration in temples

singing Holi themed ragas.

Mahila Holi consists of singing songs showing their love for their family and friends. Holika bonfire(Cheer Bandhan)in the state of Uttarakhand, and it falls 15 days before Dulandi. Cheer Dahan burns before the night of Holi, which symbolizes the victory of Prahalad over his father’s evil plans. Mahila Holi is also similar to the Baithki form, except the fact that here the gatherings composes of the Kumaoni women.

How we celebrate in Punjab?

Punjab- Hola Mohalla

Hola Mohalla 2020 in India will begin on Tuesday, 10 Marchand ends on Thursday, 12 March. The festival is celebrated for three consecutive days, in which members of the Sikh community display their physical strength by performing dare-devil acts like bareback horse-riding, standing erect on two speeding horses, Gatka (mock encounters), tent pegging, music, and poetry competition to lighten the charged up atmosphere.

An annual festival held at Anandpur Sahib in Punjab, Hola Mohalla, was started by the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, as a gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles on the day following the festival of Holi. This reminds the people that Guru Gobind Singh and his troops were into combat against Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor, and later on against the Rajputs.

How we celebrate Holi in Bihar?

Bihar– Phagua

pagua in Bihar. Holika Dahan is also an important part of the festival celebration, where a pyre is light on fire by the people a night before Holi. This practice implies the win of good over evil. The next day fills with smearing dry and wet colors on each other throughout the day. After that, feast with folk songs, water and powders colors from natural sources. Consumption of  Bhang भांग is also a part of the celebrations in the state.

How we celebrate in Assam?

Assam– Phagwa

Phagwah is Assam’s name for Holi. However, people celebrate it for over two days. On the 1st day, clay huts burn, signifying the legend of Holika Dahan. On the 2nd day, all the local regions of Assam have the same rituals during Holi, Barpeta is known to celebrate it as an entirely unique and grand style. Many people from other parts of India and Assam itself travel to Barpeta to enjoy the Doulutsava. Mathura Das Bura Ata is the first man to celebrate Doulutsava in Barpeta. The Doul festival celebration is done in the same traditional way by the devotees of Lord Krishna in Barpeta.

How we celebrate in Rajasthan(Udaipur)?

Rajasthan (Udaipur)- Royal celebration

Holi celebrations start the day before the actual event with a Holika Dahan. On the full-moon night of Holika Dahan, locals gather together to light a prayerful fire celebrating the victory of good over evil. The City Palace in Udaipur keeps the tradition alive; the royal family, on this day, embark on a grand procession from the Royal residence to Manek Chowk. The family dressed in traditional attire is accompanied by professional staff, a gorgeous band, and royally decorated horses. The present custodian lights the fire of the Mewar Dynasty.

The locals follow by cheering and performing Gair, a folk dance around the pyre. Before the main occasion, the rural folk of Udaipur’s neighboring areas known as the Amalka Ekadsh comes to Gangoudhara or Gangakund, which is a religious spot in the city and is mainly the cremation ground of the Mewar royal families of Udaipur.

Moreover, people also flock the Rajrajeshwar Shiv Mandir days before Holi. People arrange a fare in the city where people from all over the country and even outside the country visit and enjoy the different rides, food, and buy items that are found in the fair or Mela.

Questions for Kerala?

Kerala– Manjal Kuli

In Kerala, Manjal Kuli and Kerala play in the Konkani temple of Gosripuram Thirumala.In South India, the festival isn’t as popular as in North India. However, some communities celebrate it with different names. Celebrations in Kerala begin at the temples on the day of the Holi full moon in the month between February and March. It is majorly by the Kudumbi community over four days. Persecuted by the Portuguese in Goa, some members of the Kudumbi community fled Goa. Those who arrive in Kerala brought the festival of Holi with them, and are ruler welcomes people of Cochin. People celebrate it at 20 temples. People sing, dance, and play with colors, mainly with turmeric color.

How we celebrate in Manipur?

Manipur- Yaosang

People celebrate for around 5-6 days. Thable Chongba is the Manipuri folk dance that people perform during the festival, which is very delightful to watch. We celebrate it on full moon day, and locals wear costumes, and they dance in circles by holding their hands together.

Wondering about Goa?

Goa- Shigmo

The Shigmo festival, also known as Shigmotsav, is a spring festival celebrated in Goa. The Shigmo is similar to the festival, which consists of traditional folk and street dancers and built floats and dancing with drumbeats and enactments of mythology.people perform Various troops and cultural dramas. People also celebrate Konkani diaspora. It has two forms Dhakto Shigmo which is generally done by the farmers, rural people, and Vhadlo Shigmo, which locals celebrate temples. It is a very big Hindu festival which we celebrate in the spring season, which welcomes spring with blessings of good fortune and harvest.

HOLI in West Bengal?

West Bengal – Dol Jatra

Dol Jatra is also similar to the festivals of Assam and Odisha. Also known as Dol Purnima. It is different from the Holi celebration in other parts of India. Krishna expresses his love for Radha on the day of Dolyatra for which we celebrate this festival. We worship Krishna and Radha on this day. It spreads over 3 or 5 days, starting from the Shukla-Chaturdashi of Phalguna. On the Dol-Purnima day, a picture of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is there in the Main Temple. The monastics sing devotional songs on Krishna and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in front of the picture in the morning. It is the last festival in the Bengali calendar.

PRECAUTIONS

Everybody celebrates Holi across India. It is fun and joyful. In this festival, we ought not to overlook that we have to secure our skin also. These synthetic substances are modest and engineered Holi color produced using it. This holi color bad for human skin. Our skin is sensitive, and these synthetic concoctions can be harmful. They can cause hair and skin issues like hypersensitivities, disturbances, rashes, eye contamination, hair unpleasantness tingling, and so on.

Holi safety

measures let play Holi 2020 safely with the measures below

1)Oil Jelly: jelly enthusiastically prescribed as thick and have a high saturating tendency. It shields the skin from hurtful synthetic substances of the hue. Which we utilize in holi.

2)Ice Cubes: Scouring ice on ur face helps u since it shuts

the pores on your face. The shading that is on ur face will enter less into ur skin because of shutting pours.

3)Coconut Oil: Apply a decent sum coconut oil to your hair to shield and keep it from breakage and different harms. The synthetic compounds from the shading are unsafe, and it can cause aggravation. It can likewise cause hair fall and different harms. We as a whole worth our hair, and it is significant for us.

4)Almond oil: Before playing Holi, you can put almond oil on ur body since it will give sustenance to your skin and furthermore go about as a layer between your skin and shading.

5)Sunscreen: Everybody appreciates playing Holi. We are, at some point, unconscious whether we are in the daylight or in the shade. Sunscreen will shield our skin from sun consume and tan. Nobody likes tanning in this manner, applying sunscreen can spare us from tan. You should use a sunscreen with an SPF of 25 or more.

6)Pants and full sleeve shirt: Wearing jeans and a full sleeve shirt will help spread you and furthermore shield from direct contact with hurtful hues. jeans and full sleeve shirts will simply add to your security

7)Herbal colors: we should play Holi with herbal colors as they do not harm our skin or hair

Holi colors at market

*OTHER IMPORTANT TIPS FOR HOLI 2020*

 *Holi 2020 doesn’t need color dogs, cows, and other animals.

* One should Avoid running and hopping on the wet floor, so you don’t

slip and fall.

*Also Avoid drinking during the Holi celebration. Be calm and

appreciate with loved ones.

*Try not to drive under the influence. keep your

vehicle windows shut.

*In the event that u get any injuries, take medical

measures.

*Play safe and stay away from every conceivable assault on

the face.

*I appreciate the Holi celebration.

  • WISH YOU ALL A VERY HAPPY AND COLORFUL HOLI.
  • FEEL FREE TO COMMENT.

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